The main export volume of Tanzania are coffee, cotton, tea, cashew nuts and cloves.
- In 2009, the value of coffee exports increased to USD 111.7 million from USD 97.5 million in 2008, equivalent to an increase of 14.6 percent.
- This was attributed to increase in the volume of coffee exported. The volume of coffee exports was 56,100 tons compared to 44,200 tons in 2008, equivalent to an increase of 26.9 percent.
- In 2009, the value of cotton exports was USD111.2 million compared to 115.5 million in 2008, equivalent to a decrease of 3.3 percent.
- The volume of cotton exports increased from 91,400 tons in 2008 to 100,400 tons in 2009, equivalent to an increase of 9.8 percent.
- In 2009, the value of tea exports was USD 34.5 million compared to USD 40.8 million in 2008, equivalent to a decrease of 15.4 percent.
- This was due to decline in the production of tea and volume of tea exports.
- The volume of tea exports decreased from 25,900 tons in 2008 to 19,200 tons in 2009, equivalent to a decrease of 25.9 percent.
- In 2009, the value of cashewnuts exports was USD 71.5 million compared to USD 40.2 million in 2008, equivalent to an increase of 78.0 percent.
- This was due to increase in volume of cashewnuts exports from 55,000 tons in 2008 to 99,300 tons in 2009.
- In 2009, the value of cloves exports increased by 9.1 percent. During the period under review, exports were USD 14.7 million compared to USD 13.5 million in 2008.
Major import commodities include agricultural machinery, implement and pesticides, industrial raw materials, machinery and transportation equipment, petroleum and petroleum products, construction materials, consumer goods. The list is not exhaustive
The principal export commodities include Minerals (gold, gemstones, diamonds, coal e.t.c.), coffee, cotton, cashew nuts, tea, sisal, tobacco, pyrethrum and cloves. The main imports are machinery and transport equipments, textiles and clothing, petroleum products.
Tanzania's major trading partners include: China, Germany, Japan, India, the European Union, United Arabic Emirates, United Kingdom, Kenya, Japan, India and South Africa.